German Basics: First German sentences

Hallo (German for hello), I am glad you are back to my series of learning german. There are some basics to english grammer to help us create some sentences.

Ich- I

Bin- am

Du- you

Er- He

Sie- They or She depending on thr verb form

Es- it

Bist- are

ist- is

In bist and ist, the dont take the sht sound we learnt earlier but the normal english st. The Sie in this case will sound like ‘Zi’. Er sounds like ear in english.

NB

As we already know german and english are on the same language family, this makes it easier to learn. However, thete are some differences of how things are done in German.

All nouns in german start with a capital letter. German nouns have gender

Difference 1

In english, one says a man, a woman, the man, the woman, the child, a child. In german, the article ‘the’ or ‘a’ depends entirely on the nouns gender. To know the gender of a noun (which doesn’t have to be people), you will have to a learn and memorize the new german word with its article.

‘A’ and ‘The’ article

There are definite and indefinite articles.

Der bestimmte artikel

Definite is used when talking about a particular object or a person that is already known to thr speaker or listener. Used when further information is known about a person or an object e.g. to whom it belongs.

die, der, das

der unbestimmte artikel

Indefinite is used when we are talking about the type of object or person being referred im general. Used when the person or object is not yet known and has not been mentioned before.

ein, eine

Masculine

ein Mann- A man

ein Junge- A boy

Der Junge- The boy

Feminine

eine Frau- a woman

Die Frau- The woman

Die Bäckerei- The Bakery

Neuter

ein Kind – A child

Das Brot- The bread

Das Wasser- The water

Plurals are formed differently and there is no general rules that apply as seen in english

Difference 2

German Plurals

In Plural the article The changes to Die on all plural nouns. The indefinite articles are never in plural. Indefinite nouns don’t have articles infront of them

Plurals are formed differently in german and fall in either of the following.

der Singular – der plural

Different plural endings

-n

die Brille- die brillen

Der Junge- die Jungen

-en

die Zahl- Zahlen

Die- Frau- Die Frauen

-e

der Stift – die Strifte

-er

Das Kind- die Kinder

-s

das Foto – die Fotos

Don’t change

The words dont change or have different ending when in plural.

der lehrer- die lehrer

das mädchen- die mädchen

Gain Umlaut

Some gain umlauts in one of thr vowels in the word in the plural

das buch – die bücher

der mann- die männer

Two plural forms

die Pizza- die pizzen/pizzas

‘To be’ Verb

Ich bin – [Fill in the blank]

Wir sind- We are

Du bist- You are

Ihr seid- You all are

Er/Sie/es ist- He/She/It is

Sie sind- They are

German simple sentences

She is a girl- Sie ist ein mädchen

I am a boy- Ich bin ein junge

Eine Frau und ein mann- A woman and a man.

Stay Tuned und lernst deutsch with me.

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